I live in Columbus, Ohio, where we don’t normally get a lot of snow in Winter. But we had a New England style blizzard last night. It’s still snowing and blowing. At times the swirls are blinding. It covers and mutes everything. This snow chaos can be intimidating without warmth and security of a home to watch from.
As I labored to remove the two feet of snow from my driveway, my neighbor asked incredulously where I had to go on a Saturday. I told her, “I have a performance tonight, unless they cancel, which they probably won’t. The show must go on!” (they did cancel eventually)
I am a classical musician. I have played music all my life. Despite the high stress of the job, I love offering my hard earned interpretation of great classical music for those who love it. Though music has universal appeal, the plight of high quality live classical music is well known. My orchestra is facing a tragic yet familiar fate: Our job security is currently threatened by major cuts and lack of support. However, unlike a corporation, the quality of our music would go down with those cuts. Many musicians would leave, including myself.
Let’s face it. Most of us listen to music as background. Those who actually attend classical concerts are a minuscule part of the population. But is classical music superfluous? Your gut reaction may be “No, classical music is not superfluous”. But would you stand by that view with donations and taxes? Aren’t there a lot more “important” things to support first?
What makes us human? One answer is our awareness of death. Another is awareness of beauty. Other animals live “functionally”, surviving to survive. Humans need something more. We need reminders of our humanity. The Arts are the symptom and the answer to that need. Ever since humans advanced beyond other animals, we have used art to remind and inspire us to something beyond physical survival. Art helps us face the void of death and gives meaning to our lives. Art connects us to each other and to history.
I recently read “The Agony and the Ecstasy” by Irving Stone, a fictionalized but fairly accurate account of Michelangelo’s life. I’m not much of a history buff, but this book awakened a sense of the importance of the Arts to Humanity.
Michelangelo suffered through the ups and downs of political regimes and endured by his passion to create lasting beauty. His career began during the upsurge in support for the Arts during the Renaissance, when the power and meaning of ancient Greek and Roman art was rediscovered. During his long life several popes came into power who had no appreciation for the arts. He starved for work. Luckily they didn’t last long and we have Michelangelo’s enduring legacy is the result.
Yet what would have happened without the Renaissance and its support for enduring art? Would our civilization have endured? It’s impossible to say, but I have a feeling not. Look as the results in purely political cultures created by communist dictators such as Mao Tse Tong and the purely moralistic religious cultures fostered by Islamic extremism. The Arts are a mirror, a reflection of who we are, who we were and who we could become. Call the Arts a “checks and balance” for political and religious extremes.
If you will allow me to jump ahead a bit, the problem with American culture these days is not lack of morality, as many religious conservatives insist, but a dangerous coupling of cultural secularism and the simplistic moralism of politicized religion.
In the heyday of secularism, there was an philosophical underpinning to its culture which maintained the importance of the Arts to the long term survival of humanity. In Europe as in early America, support for the Arts was considered a given. European cultures still maintain strong government support for the Arts. American culture has slipped dangerously toward the empty secularism of pure Capitalism.
Back to the threat to my job as a musician. Many would argue that the market simply can’t support an orchestra in this city and we have to face reality. I say no. It’s a symptom of American culture not facing the void of its own dissipation. Music is not a luxury. It’s a vital expression of cultural health. It’s exercise for the cultural soul. Without it we become myopic and begin to believe that our own comfort and survival is all that matters. We take a tiny but significant step toward reverting to animals.
The real story of the threat to my job lays behind the scenes. Columbus is the 15th largest city in the country and it’s growing at a healthy rate. My orchestra is around 30th in budget compared to others in the country. And the powers that be in Columbus believe they can’t support even that. This belies the weakening cultural health of America on many levels. Lack of philanthropic spirit is one. Cold capitalism is another. Both are downgrades in humanity’s operating system.
Beyond that, it is clear to me there are conspiratorial and malevolent actions being taken by those “powers that be” to undermine the solidarity of our musician’s union. If the Arts reflect cultural health, Labor Unions represent healthy solidarity of labor. Without that, again, we are one step closer to being animals. Dog eats dog is already a prevalent culture in the American workplace. “Sorry you lost your job, but I got my promotion and that what matters to me.” The proposals for cuts in our orchestra are of that ilk. Some of us would lose our jobs and others not. The powers that be are hoping to divide and conquer.
The insecurity of my future brings me to face difficult questions. How will I act under the threat of unemployment? Will I betray my colleagues for my own survival? What of the morality of those who are trying to squeeze us to death? Are they God fearing Capitalists (an oxymoron?) or just realistic pragmatists? How stridently can I cry for public support of the Arts before being labeled anachronistic. The choices I make affect my life and others.
How does all this relate to the current humanist symposium? As I glanced though the twelve articles submitted, I could weave a common idea through most of them; Being human means facing the void and dealing with it. Awareness of death and oblivion is the inspiration for both art and religion, for love of life and beauty, for any aspect of culture which goes beyond animal survival. But while religion clings to superstitious texts and beliefs, humanist culture is open to free thought, science, philosophy and art to help us grapple with facing the void.
The title of the last submission Separation Anxiety, gave me the spark. It brought to mind a book I read recently by the Buddhist Psychiatrist, Mark Epstein. The book is Going to Pieces without Falling Apart. In it he describes how children who’s parents allow them to explore the void of being alone without danger of being abandoned grow up forming a healthy, balanced identity which incorporates the void without undue fear. Children who are unloved or abandoned inappropriately do not adapt to the inevitable experience of the void, and become insecure and unbalanced adults. What struck me was another angle on this idea. Children who were too closely monitored and smothered by parents also had a dis-functional outcome because they lacked enough experience with the void.
Taking the articles in the order they came to me, Stephen Thomas of Rational Apologetics writes from the heart in Life after God. He writes what so many of us think daily, that a god is not needed to love life and beauty, to choose to be good for that love and its benefits. It’s so painfully obvious, isn’t it? Or is it?
Christian of Free Thinking Joy submitted Free Will is Deciding to Have It, where he ponders the paradox of free will. Are we just bio-robots or can we choose how to act? Choice may be an illusion, but a vital one. His conclusion is that the illusion of free will is more human, and fun, too. Our culture affects our attitudes and choices. If we know the value of something beyond our own experiences, we will make choices to support it. Collections of individual choices adds up to a larger picture which affects us all. Choosing to believe in free will is the beginning of creating a conscious culture which benefits all.
Greta Christina’s Blog explores human fragility in the face of pain with On Illness, Bodies and This Free Will Thing, when we often become all too aware of the Void. Fear and pain are powerful destablizers to our humanity. Free will becomes all the more difficult when our mortality is exposed.
Roxanne of The Sensual Life writes about the act of creating in How to Be God. When we take on the responsibility for creating our own lives, the pressure it on. Her toddler builds a mega structure out of Lego. When he decides to control its fate by knocking it over, he shows us the joy of the process may over-shadow our fears if we stay with it. Fear of the void can be alleviated through play and perspective.
Mathew of Wild Philosophy states what I tried to show in my own article above in Worthwhile Freedom; the idea of human freedom is being bankrupt by both libertarian and conservative rhetoric in this country.
Alonzo Fyfe of Atheist Ethicist posted some thoughts inspired by an article which appeared in a series at the Salk Institute called Beyond Belief: Enlightenment 2.0, E2.0: Peter Atkins: On Pride and Chemistry. He clarifies the distinction between healthy pride in one’s own value humbled by a mortal existence and that of religions which presume to know the answers without any proof. His multi-post series sounds very interesting.
Greta Christina submitted another good article on the growing body of evidence supporting the genetic universality or morality in The not so Logical Conclusion: On Morality of Atheists and Believers. I can’t help but add my own comments. The Dalai Lama has explored much of this evidence in support of his own belief that morality is inherent to humans, and that any lack of morality is misguided and misdirected fear of the void.
Chris of Uncredible Hallq presents his ideas on the tricky nature of researching happiness with Against Happiness (or at least the tendency to profess it in surveys). Happiness comes and goes. Appreciating that fact (like the child who gleefully plays with the void by knocking down his Lego tower) helps us know what real happiness is. Wishful thinking is not the same thing.
VJack of Atheist Revolution discerns the subtle but important distinction between atheists and anti-theists in Meditations on Anti-theism. According to him, the true anti-theist is dangerously close to the one-sided thinking of theist, where as the atheist simply doesn’t believe in a god. Sam Harris would then be an anti-theist, fervently preaching the dangers of theist thinking. I’d say I’m in that group. I may not know what the void holds for me, but I do know how many people suffer because of wrong headed theistic thinking.
In order for humans to collectively improve, we need to continue to explore these important issues of free will, identity, purpose, intuitive love of life and beauty. We need to challenge views and actions which carve away at our humanity and the gains we have made collectively toward the betterment of all humankind. I am presumptuous enough to assert that the Arts are a vital part of that picture.
Thank you all for your high quality submissions. The next Humanist Symposium will be March 30th at Mind on Fire. To submit go to blog carnival form or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Again, the symposiums home page is The Humanist Symposium at Daylight Atheism.